Photos of Sydney - Australia’s First City, Australia

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Sydney - Australia’s First City

Australia’s first and largest city started life in 1788 when Arthur Phillip, having orders to found a penal settlement in New South Wales, then a virtually unknown territory, decided to camp in Sydney Cove on the shores of Port Jackson, a magnificent natural harbour. It was teeming with fish, waterfowl and native game and inhabited by the Eora Aboriginal people. Relations between the colonists and the Aborigines seem to have been generally relatively amicable at first. But the indigenous people gradually succumbed to disease, imported by the Europeans, social dislocation, and eventually conflict with the newcomers. Some Europeans took Aboriginal women, and their descendants still live around the city, notably in Redfern and around Botany Bay, the area Phillip surveyed first but turned down in favour of Sydney Cove.

Sydney from Australia Square
Port Jackson from Australia Square
Sydney Harbour
Lower Fort Street, Sydney Harbour Bridge
Sydney Harbour Bridge
From Sydney Harbour Bridge
Sydney Harbour
Sydney Harbour, Circular Quay
Cahill Express Way
George Street, The Rocks
View from The Rocks
Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House, CBD
Sydney Opera House
Circular Quay
Sydney Harbour
View to Circular Quay
Sydney Opera House
Sydney Harbour Bridge
Sydney Harbour Bridge, North Sydney
View over Farm Cove
View to Sydney CBD
Royal Botanic Garden
Government House
Hyde Park, Sydney
Sydney from the Royal Botanic Garden
Motor Way, Sydney CBD
St Mary's Cathedral
St Mary's Cathedral stained glass window
Frazer Memorial Fountain, Sydney Tower
Sydney Tower
Sydney Town Hall
View to Department of Lands building
Department of Lands building façade
Anchor and cannon of the “Sirius”
Planet Hollywood
In King Street
Oxford Street in Sydney
Chinatown gate
Food stalls, Chinatown
Food stalls, Chinatown
Chinatown gate
In Paddy's market
Tumbalong Park
Darling Harbour
Along Darling Harbour
View of Barangaroo
From Barangaroo to Sydney Harbour Bridge
View to Sydney from Redfern
South Sydney Women's Centre, Redfern
Phillip Street, Redfern
Terrace housing, Redfern
Quiet street in Redfern
Street in Redfern
Boomerangs, La Perouse
Serbian Orthodox Church, Cabramatta
Shops in Cabramatta
Bondi Beach
Road in Parramatta
View to Sydney

The city of Sydney gradually grew around the harbour, although farming started further west in Parramatta, which for a time became the seat of Government. To the southwest, Campbelltown was founded by Governor Macquarie in 1820, and by this time, Sydney was well established, with fine public buildings designed by Francis Greenway, a convict architect.

Today Sydney is a vast city, the capital of the State of New South Wales, sprawling for 50 kilometres along the coast and 30 kilometres inland, with a population of over 5 million. But its main attractions are within easy reach in the centre: the magnificent harbour with its world-famous icons: the Harbour Bridge (nicknamed the “Coathanger”), and the striking Opera House. Ferries connect to the northern suburbs, and an efficient public transport system links the Central Business District with the outer suburbs.